Refugee Policy Spotlight: Germany



Germany is one of the leading countries in refugee policy. From having one of the highest refugee acceptance rates to providing excellent humanitarian aid, Germany can act as a model for other countries' refugee policies and responses.


Germany has many crisis prevention projects aimed at preventing refugees from having to flee their homes in the first place. For example, the German government participates in peace missions such as supporting the implementation of a police force in Nigeria to decrease violent conflicts. The German government also works to diffuse violent domestic conflicts to prevent an influx of people that are forced to migrate out of the country.


Germany also provides direct humanitarian aid including emergency accommodation, food, healthcare, and education resources. Additionally, they work with the UN Refugee Agency and the World Food Programme to provide this aid in the most conflict-stricken areas. In 2020 and 2021, Germany supplied over 6800 refugee resettlement spaces to combat refugee housing issues.


Germany constantly works to find solutions to refugee crises at an international level–this includes working on migration management with the United Nations, fairly dividing up migration crises responsibilities internationally, working at the G20 and G7 levels, and in the Global Forum on Migration and Development.


The German government also helps to combat refugee crises through education. The Federal Foreign Office provides information about fleeing and migration locally. The German Constitution grants rights to asylum to those under political persecution, making it a nation with one of the highest refugee acceptance rates. The German Youth Welfare Office also takes care of unaccompanied minors, ensuring lower rates of youth refugee homelessness.


Overall, the approach that Germany takes to battling refugee crises is unlike most other countries and can be used as a model for the rest of the world. The policy aspect of Germany's approach to the issue is extremely progressive, providing the opportunity for as many refugees to enter the country as possible. The Humanitarian aid and crisis prevention aspects would both be valuable for other countries to attempt to recreate. These parts both directly help refugees, attempting to limit the number of challenges that they must face.